Hayashi’s activities in Hawaii

林忠次郎Master Chujiro Hayashi (林忠次郎) stayed in Hawaii from October 1937 to February 1938 and promoted Reiki with Ms. Hawayo Takata. There had been vague information about his visit to Hawaii, however further details have been discovered since Mr.Justin Stein, a graduate student at the University of Toronto who specializes in religious studies, discovered some articles in “Hawaii Hochi” (a newspaper published for Japanese who lived in Hawaii). Mr.Stein shares some important articles on his website, however, it is difficult to understand the whole picture as there is no analysis of the historical background. The Jikiden Reiki community has featured on some parts of the articles, however, I felt it was important to provide additional information since some parts are misunderstood.

I have discovered 71 articles and advertisements that are related to Reiki by researching microfilms from September 1937 to June 1938. (the original newspapers are owned by Hawaii Bishop Museum, and had been filmed under the budget of the National Diet Library of Japan. The information includes many facts and photos that have been unknown until now. I would like to release this information with my own analysis, or if you would like to take a short cut and look at the summary, please jump here.

These articles can be found in the archives on the 4th floor in the new building of the National Diet Library. I have typed out some parts of the important articles, although, it was difficult to deal with the older form of kanji characters. Please let me know if you notice any typing mistakes.

Thanks Mari Okazaki (Jikiden Reiki dai-shihan) and Mike McCarty (Jikiden Reiki shihan-kaku, Board member of Jikiden Reiki Association of Canada), the original Japanese manuscript has been translated to English by Mari and futher edited by Mike. Their efforts enabled this report open to Western Reiki practitioners.

January 2017, Masaki Nishina

2017.01.14 Added travel records of Takata
2017.01.14 Revised information of Saeko Noda and Bunki Aoyama
2017.01.18 Added articles of April 1938 ~ June 1938
2017.01.20 Added information of master Hayashi
2017.03.14 translated to English (Mari Okazaki & Mike McCarty)

Minor articles and advertisements, which sometimes carry important information, are yet to be translated. Please be patient.

Takata’s footprints

高田ハワヨAs for Ms. Takata's traveling history, there were some ambiguous understandings until now, which I was able to clarify almost completely this time. There is an American website that allows one to research old personal information, (www.ancestry.com) (fee applies) and I found Takata’s boarding record and appearance record. I am almost certain that the person listed is herself since her age is written down. It seems that there was no one else with the same first and last name.

Personal information

Hawayo Takata’s birthday is December 24th. There is some information about her family, but I decided not to include it here. The address as of 1930 was "Kawaiahau, Kauai, Hawaii Territory” on Kauai Island. It is written that her husband was six years older than her and his name was “Saichi” and they had two daughters. She passed away in Iowa State in the USA.

Travel records (O; outbound, R; return, C; connecting)

1929Honolulu O:Data unavailable
R:Feb/25A <= Feb/17D (Korea Maru)
Yokohamaw/husband
1932Honolulu O:Jul/14D => Jul/20A
R:AUG/17A <= AUG/12D
S.F.
1935
1936
Honolulu O:OCT/8D => 1OCT/xxA (Asama Maru)
R:June/10A <= June/2D (Taiyo Maru)
Yokohama<- w/daughters
<- alone
1937Honolulu O:June/29D => 7/xxA (Taiyo Maru)
R:Sep/24A <= Sep/15D (Taiyo Maru)
Yokohama
1938Honolulu O:Apr/16D => Apr/xxA
R:Jun/9A <= Jun/4D
S.F.
1938Honolulu O:Data unavailable
R:Jun/27A <= Jun/21D
S.F.
1940Honolulu
S.F.
Honolulu
O:Mar/20D => Mar/xxA (Asama Maru)
C:Jun/16A <= Jun/3D (Asama Maru)
R:Jul/24A <= Jul/18D (Lurline)
Yokohama
Yokohama
L.A.
Address:Hilo
1954Honolulu O:Data unavailable
R:Oct/23 Arrive (Panam)
Tokyo
1955Honolulu O:Feb/16 Arrive
R:Data unavailable
L.A.
1955Honolulu O:Data unavailable
R:Aug/20 Arrive
Tokyo
1957Honolulu O:Feb/25 Arrive
R:Data unavailable
Guamw/Doris Duke
1957Honolulu O:Data unavailable
R:Jun/14 Arrive
Tokyo

I think that you noticed that there is no big difference with the travel records known until now. You can see that she had traveled abroad many more times than we thought. The reason why she had traveled to Japan with her husband in 1929 might be because it was something related to her family events.

Traveling in 1940 should be related to master Hayashi’s death (you can see she had stopped at West Coast on her way back). According to the books that were published by Takata’s direct students,(Helen Haberly[p39], Fran Brown[p59]) it is written that she traveled in April and master Hayashi passed away on May 11th (Notice of his death in Tokyo-asahi Newspaper), thus their information is consistent with these travel records.

It must have been either 1954 or 1955 when she met Hayashi after the war. On a trip to Guam in 1957 she was accompanied by Doris Duke, the daughter of a wealthy family, and I would say that they had already known each other since around this time.

● Address
1930: Kawaiahau, Kauai, Hawaii Territory
1938: 1808 S Beretania, Honolulu, massage
1939: 1808 S Beretania, Honolulu, massage
1941: 2070 Kllauea av, Hilo, massage
1942: Hilo, massage

Master Hayashi’s speech
Master Hayashi’s speech was broadcasted on a radio (the article is written later). He spoke his farewell words after having spent some time in Hawaii and it was now time to return home. His entire speech was reprinted as a newspaper article. (February 22nd, 1938). Unlike the articles that are written by reporters, this would be very accurate based on the contents that contain the exact words that were spoken by master Hayashi. Thus, this is the most valuable and most important literature of all these series of articles in Hawaii Hochi. There is some information about Ms. Takata in this article as well:

“In the winter three years ago, she studied this technique enthusiastically for about half a year at my treatment centre in Tokyo and started to offer treatments and teach after she returned to Kauai Island on July 2 Years ago….”.

Also, it is written, “In July last year, she came to visit my home suddenly and suggested to me to go sightseeing in Hawaii.”

To summarize, Takata’s travel plan was as follows:

 1935 Winter (Mid October) : Came to Japan
 1936 June : Went back to Hawaii
 
 1937 July : Came to Japan again
 1937 September : Went back to Hawaii

It perfectly matches with the travel record. Takata’s re-visit to Japan in 1937 was the reason why master Hayashi ended up visiting Hawaii. It is unclear if she had re-visited Japan only because she wanted to meet Hayashi or not. I will mention it in details later, but Takata had already started to teach Reiki soon after she returned to Hawaii after her first visit to Japan. Perhaps, I think she had received a Shihan-kaku teacher’s certification at the time of her first visit to Japan in June 1936. Then, she must have visited Japan again next year because she wanted to be a Shihan teacher. Otherwise, there would be no reason to go back all the way to Japan from Hawaii. Thus I speculate that she had been certified as a Shihan teacher just before master Hayashi went back to Japan.

History in Hawaii

When you hear “The history of Hawaii and Japan”, almost 100% of Japanese will think of the Pearl Harbour attack. In fact, there is a deep and old relationship between Japan and Hawaii. Unfortunately, Hawaii as a small country was dominated by other cultures throughout its history. Kamehameha-I established the kingdom of Hawaii in 1795. After its establishment, various countries tried to exert their influence by sending missionaries and immigrants. America (1820) - sent missionaries, China (1802) - sent immigrants, UK (1843) - declared sovereignty over Hawaii, France (1849) - declared sovereignty over Hawaii. The controversy became intense when Japanese also fight over Hawaii.

In 1881, King Kalakaua visited Japan, met with Meiji Emperor and an immigration agreement was signed. The Japanese Government mediated immigrants started to move to Hawaii starting in 1885. However, in 1893, American farmers in Hawaii raised a coup d’etat with a support of 160 marines and overthrew the King Kalakaua. Since then, the influence of the United States was strengthened and in 1898 Hawaii became the territory of the United States of America (Territory of Hawaii).

Historical background

布哇報知 1937年12月10日1面 In this era (around 1930s~1940s), newspapers were filled with many articles about the Second Sino-Japanese war. The Japanese army continued to intrude into territorial of China. Such Military achievements like the collapse of Nanjing 南京 (photo →) and the collapse of Qingdao (青島) were reported extensively. This was the moment when Japan took a decisive path toward the Pacific War. It was like the gears were moving forward one by one without turning back. There were already many victims in China, but since then, 3 million Japanese people would die by the time the war had ended. In late 1930th, many people spent every day without knowing what was really going to happen.


Prior knowledge

ハワイ地図Back then, Hawaii was written as “布哇” in Kanji instead of “ハワイ” in Katakana which is the modern inscription. Besides this, Kauai, the island located to the northwest, was written as “加哇” in Kanji, and Maui, the island located between Oahu (with Honolulu) and Hawaii on the southeast, was written as “加哇” in Kanji. (Please visit here for the image) ***Writing these city names in Kanji represents the old era.

Hawaii Hochi (Back then, written as 布哇報知) is an existing newspaper that was established in 1912 (45th year of the Meiji era, 1st year of Taisho era). It is a surprisingly old establishment. It is located in Honolulu, and the building location was on Queen Street when it was established first. They changed the name of the newspaper as “Hawaii Herald (written all in katakana)” during the World War II, but the name was switched back to “Hawaii Hochi (written all in kanji) in 1952. I imagine it was an extremely important source of information for Japanese in Hawaii, far away from Japan. *** Non-Japanese words are usually written in Katakana.

秩父丸In the newspaper, there were many articles about the arrivals and the departures of ships from/to Japan. Nippon Yusen owned 3 ships, the Asama Maru, Chichibu Maru (photo →) and Tatsuta Maru. The major ports of call seemed to be Hong Kong, Shanghai, Kobe, Yokohama, Honolulu, Los Angeles and San Francisco. Back then when those ships were commonly used to travel between Japan and other countries, it took about one week to sail between Yokohama and Honolulu. However, once the War broke out, these types of private ships were forced to serve as transports by the Japanese Navy, and were all sunk by US torpedoes. Chichibu Maru was sunk in 1943 April (of about 2500 on board, 465 people survived), Tatsuta Maru was sunk in February the same year (all 1481 people on board died) and Asama Maru was sunk in November, 1944 (more than 500 people died).

At that time the currency exchange rate was calculated as 100 yen to 28 dollars (meaning one dollar was 3.6 yen) according to this information. However, I can’t quite grasp what this means because the monetary value itself was different from now. For example, it is written in the articles that it cost $2 to attend the new year party, or $1 to attend the farewell party. Back then, the entry fee for Hayashi Reiki Kenkyukai (institute) was 50 yen (that is $14), so the Japanese Yen seemed to be quite weak. If people in Hawaii paid master Hayashi the same amount of entrance fee and course fee as it was in Japan, it might not have been so much of a burden. (Nothing is mentioned about entrance fees and course fees in the articles.)

布哇報知 1937年10月29日(金) 4面 広告In case you don't know, the Japanese language is written vertically from top to button, and columns run from right to left. The example shown on right is the advertisement Ms. Takata put on Hawaii Hochi. The title of article is "靈氣療法開始" vertically on the right where 靈氣 means Reiki, 療法 treatment, and 開始 beginning. Takata's name "高田ハワヨ" is on the left at the end.

Japanese teaching system

Please allow me to explain the Japanese teaching system for those who are not familiar with it. Otherwise you may not be able to understand how Ms. Takata became a Reiki teacher.

Nowadays, there are many Reiki practitioners that misunderstand how Ms. Takata became a teacher because the teaching systems of some Western Reiki schools are rather corrupted. In any of the traditional teaching systems in Japan such as Reiki or martial arts, one needs to acquire enough experience and discipline to become a teacher. There is no "weekend master" like some Western Reiki schools offer. Also, we do not use a word "master" to define a teacher.

In Japanese Reiki systems (Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai and Jikiden Reiki), if one wants to teach Reiki, he/she first becomes "Shihan-kaku" which means associate teacher meaning they can teach only the Shoden class (the first degree). After teaching a required number of Shoden classes, he/she is entitled to take the "Shihan" training if one wants to teach further levels. After completing a Shihan training, he/she is entitled to teach both Shoden and Okuden classes.

Unlike the Western Reiki system which allows a master teacher to teach master classes, a Shihan-kaku teacher can not teach Shihan-kaku classes in Japanese Reiki system. For example, only a Dai-shihan can teach a Shihan-kaku class in Jikiden Reiki system. Dai-shihan is an experienced Shihan who has taught more than 150 students. Now, you may wonder, "Well then, who can teach Shihan classes?". Only the representative or vise-representative can teach Shihan. In this way, the quality of Shihan-kaku or Shihan can be maintained and further helps to preserve the teaching contents. In fact, Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai has far more strict rules; Okuden class (the second degree) can be taught only by the president Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai.

Based on Japanese teaching system, Ms. Takata first had to become Shihan-kaku, i.e., not a master but associate teacher. After teaching enough students, she could become Shihan, i.e., just a teacher, not a master. Although the English certificate she obtained on February 1938 states she is "a master", that is a rather exaggerated expression so that she could easily promote and spread Reiki abroad. In fact, master Hayashi cited her in the same way as the other 12 Shihan in Japan. She was nothing more special but just one of the 13 Shihan as of 1938.

Articles in Hawaii Hochi 1937 September to October (8 articles)

Master Hayashi arrived in Hawaii in October 1937. I have checked the Hawaii Hochi that was issued in September, but I didn’t find any articles about Reiki before September 30th (There is a possibility that I might have overlooked something as I was looking through microfilm with my eyes.)


September 30th (Thursday), 1937, Page 7
布哇報知 1937年9月30日7面

Hayashi Chujiro, a well known master of Reiki Ryoho (靈氣療法 Reik treatment method), a founder of Hayashi Reiki Kenkyukai (institute) of Tokyo Yotsuya Shinano-machi, will arrive in Hawaii this coming Saturday on the Chichibu Maru (秩父丸), accompanied by his daughter Kiyoe (キヨエ), according to his friend in Honolulu. Reiki Ryoho is not widely known in Hawaii in public, but in Hilo city Rev. Kan Higuchi and his wife, Mr. Chusuke Tahara, the principal of a Japanese language school and others, received denju (傳授, learned) of Reiki Ryoho in May of 1933. Recently, Ms. Hiromi Takata from Kapaa, Kauai, also received denju. Previously, Ms. Takata, an enthusiastic practitioner, has been receiving distance training through the institute in Tokyo, but finally, she went to Japan this June to take a seminar and returned to Hawaii on the 24th of this month. Given these circumstances, many hoped Mr.Hayashi would come to Hawaii. Also his daughter, Kiyoe, was eager to see Hawaii before getting married. These are the original reasons that his visit to Hawaii came true. Mr. Hayashi hopes to hold some seminars and teach Reiki Ryoho in Hawaii if people are interested in. Also, Kiyoe is willing to teach cha-no-yu (茶の湯, tea ceremony) and ikebana (生花, flower arrangement) if people are interested in since she has expertise in those areas. By the way, Mr. Mikao Usui, the founder of Reiki Ryoho, calls “energy” that is essential to living life as “Reiki” and it’s miraculous ability can be utilized to treat disease. (Photo shows Mr. Chujiro Hayashi)

● The important point here is that there were people who had already learned Reiki in May the 8th year in Showa era (1933) existed in Hilo (on Hawaii Island). I wonder if master Hayashi actually knew this information before? I found some documents detailing the career of a pastor, Kan Higuchi(Document 1Document 2, Document 3), but there was no story relating to Reiki. However, Rev. Higuchi died on October the 8th year of Showa era (1933), so it seems that he learned Reiki just before he passed away. I couldn’t find any information online about Mr. Chusuke Tahara, the Japanese language school principal.

● The article is misleading in that suggests Ms.Takata had been receiving a distance education and went to Japan this year for the first time. But I think this is a misunderstanding as I mentioned in the first place. It is obvious that Takata went to Japan and stayed there in 1935 if you look at her boarding record and master Hayashi’s farewell broadcast as written above. In the farewell broadcast that is written about Takata’s visit to Japan in July the same year, it says “In July last year (1937), she came to visit my home suddenly...”. There might have been some communication by letters between Takata and master Hayashi between 1936 and 1937, but I imagine that it would not be intended to be as part of a distant education. As it written above, Takata had already started teaching Reiki since she returned to Hawaii in 1936, thus I do not think that she had been in need of “continuous education” by distance.

【Since the newspaper articles were written by reporters, it is extremely dangerous to just read the words and believe everything as it is.】

Ms.Takata’s name: Takata’s first name is written as “Hiromi”. In fact, it is also written as Hiromi in the next article that was issued on October 2nd (Saturday). And then, it is written as “Hatsuyo” in the advertisement on October 27th. As you read the series of articles, you may find that there are many misspellings of people’s names in Hawaii Hochi, so I think those are just careless mistakes.


October 2nd (Saturday), 1937, Page 8
布哇報知 1937年10月2日(土) 8面

Reiki Ryoho Chujiro Hayashi has arrived in Hawaii - the former naval doctor and captain (reservist) will stay until December
As introduced in the article of the day before yesterday, Mr. Chujiro Hayashi of Reiki Ryoho arrived in Hawaii on the Chichibu Maru that came to the port this morning, accompanied by his daughter, Kiyoe. Mr. & Ms. Gikaku Noda (野田義角) guided them to our head office for greeting. Ms. Saeko Noda (野田サエ子) returned to Hawaii on the same ship with Mr.Hayashi. Mr. Hayashi will stay here until December to respond to requests for Reiki Ryoho, and Miss. Kiyoe will teach cha-no-yu and ikebana for people who are interested in. Although Mr. Chujiro Hayashi is a former naval doctor and captain, it is reported that he does not use any medication at all but treats illness only with Reiki Ryoho. Ms. Hiromi Takata of Kapaa, Kauai Island has learned this treatment technique from Mr. Hayashi and returned to Hawaii where she has been offering treatments. Mr. Hayashi came to Hawaii due to a request by Ms. Takata who asked him to visit here to spread Reiki Ryoho. He is intending to visit mainland America, but for the time being, he says that he wants to focus on treating patients in Hawaii. There will be an announcement as soon as locations and other preparations are arranged. (Photo shows Mr. Chujiro Hayashi and Miss. Kiyoe)

Ms. Saeko Noda: Ms. Saeko Noda, who accompanied him, is not a person related to Reiki, but rather seems to have a relationship with his daughter. About her husband, Mr. Gikaku Noda, he seems to be the same person, "Steere Gikaku Noda" (1892–1986), who created a baseball team called “Asahi ball club” in Hawaii in 1905. In this document, his wife’s name is written as “Alice Sae Teshima" (1894-1964), so there is a strong possibility that this is correct. According to this information, it is written that Ms. Noda had opened a hair salon in Ginza in 1936 which actually coincides with the contents of a newspaper article that will appear later. Thus I am quite confident that all this information is correct.

It is easier to track down information about Reiki in those days if the related people were well known. I think it may be possible to track down more information about Mr. and Ms. Noda.

Naval doctor: Master Hayashi is introduced as a Naval doctor in this article, but there is no clear evidence found to this day that shows he was a naval doctor. The only clue is the official pre-war tax record showing that he paid tax as a “doctor”.

Ms. Takata’s name: Takata’s first name is written as “Hiromi” in this article as well.

Hayashi’s boarding records shows “Master of Hayashi Reiki Kenkyu” as his occupation with the additional hand written comment “Spiritual Healer”. The age of his daughter, Kiyoe, is shown as 28 years old.


October 7th (Thursday), 1937, Page 6
布哇報知 1937年10月7日(木) 6面

(Kauai Branch Office Report) Mr. Chujiro Hayashi, a master of Reiki Ryoho in Japan, accompanied his daughter, Kiyoe, arrived in Hawaii partly for a sightseeing on the recent ship at the strong request of his disciple Ms. Takata. On the 5th they arrived in Kauai Island and on the next day, the 6th, Ms. Kealia Takata guided them to visit the head office in the afternoon for greeting. The plan is to stay on this island for one week, but they decided to hold seminars to promote and spread this treatment technique further to the general household since there were people who had taken seminars from Ms. Takata previously. Thus, seminars will be held at the house of Mr. Tsurutani of Waimea [probably not on Hawaii Island but on Kauai Island] for 3 days from the 8th tomorrow, 9th and 10th, and at the house of Mr. Nobuo Watamura of Kapaa for 4 days from the 12th to 15th. Mr. Hayashi visited the Empire Consulate General for greeting and was pleased to re-unite with a wife of the Consul General, Mrs. Fukuma, his old acquaintance. His daughter, Kiyoe, has expert knowledge of ikebana and cha-no-yu. Mrs. Saeko Noda, who owns a hair salon in Tokyo, accompanies her, although Mrs. Noda says it is her first visit Kauai Island. As it is well known by now, it is said that Reiki Ryoho eliminates the root cause of disease by Reiki without using medication and it is a therapy that anyone can do if one is eager.

Itinerary: After he arrived in Honolulu on October 2nd (Saturday), he had moved to Kauai Island where Ms. Takata’s house is located. Miss. Kiyoe and Ms. Noda also went together. This Waimea is not the one on Hawaii Island as a tourist site known now, but I can guess it was the one on the southwest coast of Kauai Island.

● Later on, he returned to Honolulu and held seminars, but it was a 5 days seminar then. However, the seminar here on Kauai Island was shorter taking 3 or 4 days. More is unknown about this seminar but it is possible that the date was shortened similar to current Jikiden Reiki practices.

● Ms. Takata probably had held seminars on Kauai Island after returning to Hawaii, since it is written “there are people who had taken seminars from Takata previously”. This is consistent with the contents of the farewell broadcast of master Hayashi that will be introduced later.

Consulate General: Surprisingly, I can not confirm the existence of a Consulate General on Kauai Island back then by checking online. I have not been able to track down any information about the wife of consulate, Mr. Sou Fukuma, an old acquaintance of master Hayashi.

Ms. Takata’s name: In this article, it is written as “Ms. Kealia Takata”. But according to the later articles, it seems it was meant to be written as “Ms. Takata of Kealia”. There is an area called “Kealia” located just beside Kapaa where Takata actually lived.


October 27th (Wednesday), 1937, p2 (ad.)
布哇報知 1937年10月27日(水) 2面 広告
Master Hayashi held seminars in Kapaa on Kauai Island until the 15th, but I see that he moved to Honolulu on Oahu Island during this time.

This is an advertisement to promote Ms. Takata's treatments. There are misprints on the location and also name. How awful (lol). It was not “1633 Nunua Avenue” but in fact, it was Nu’uanu Avenue,"1633 nu'uanu avenue" This hotel no longer exists in this location. Well, there was only one misprint on her name, so it is better than before. (lol)

●"Usui Shiki": “Usui Shiki (臼井式)” is well used overseas nowadays but I am guessing that Ms. Takata was the first one to use this term. Basically in Japan before the war, it was usually called as “Shin Shin Kaizen Usui Reiki Ryoho.”


October 27th (Wednesday), 1937, Page 4
布哇報知 1937年10月27日(水) 4面

Responding to your request for Reiki treatment
8am to 4pm everyday at the site of the former Mitamura Hospital
It is already reported that Mr. Chujiro Hayashi, a retired army doctor and captain and a well known master of Usui Shiki Reiki Ryoho is staying in Hawaii with his daughter. He will respond to the request for treatment at 1633 Nu’uanu Avenue at the Globe Hotel (former Mitamura Hospital) from today as there are quite a few people who wish to receive treatments since his arrival in Hawaii. Mr. Hayashi and his daughter came to Hawaii as guests of Ms. Hatsuyo Takata of Kealia, Kauai Island. Since Ms. Takata studied Reiki Ryoho under Mr. Hayashi and returned to Hawaii, she has obtained a business license from the head office and has been offering treatments, now out of her town helping Mr. Hayashi and his daughter. Mr. Hayashi is scheduled to stay in Hawaii for one month as he wishes to promote social welfare by holding Reiki Ryoho seminar if there are enough people who are interested in it. An ideal class size is between 5~6 people to 14~15 people as a group. As we reported before, there are quite a few people who studied this treatment technique under Mr. Hayashi, and those people have been offering treatments for their families and acquaintances and its good efficacy has been recognized. The phone numbers of the treatment place is 3367.

● This article appeared in the same issue with Ms. Takata’s advertisement announcing the opening of her business. Her treatment work may not have been recognized until this time because it is specifically mentions that “business opening”, and “obtained a business license” in this article.

● Name and title: In this article, Ms. Takata’s first name is written as “Hatsuyo”, and Hayashi’s title is incorrectly written as an army captain.


October 29th (Friday), 1937, p4 (ad.)
布哇報知 1937年10月29日(金) 4面 広告
At last, the name is written correctly! (lol)
 
It was written as “opening business” in the last advertisement, but it is written as “beginning” here. (***The word that represents “business” is not used.)
 
"ヌアヌ" means Nu'uanu.
"グローブホテル" means Globe Hotel.


October 29th (Friday), 1937, p5 (ad.)
布哇報知 1937年10月29日(金) 5面 広告
There is an advertisement in the same issue about the first seminar in Honolulu. "講習" means seminar.
 
Again and again, Hayashi’s name is incorrectly written this time. It is a mystery to me that how they could edit without paying attention…
 
In this advertisement, Ms. Noda’s (野田サエ子 mentioned above) name is added as a registration contact. Fort Street is located one street away and close to Nu’uanu Avenue.

It is unclear about the hours for the seminar in this advertisement, but it seems like it was held in the evenings for 5 days according to later information.



October 30th (Saturday), 1937, Page 2
布哇報知 1937年10月30日(土) 2面

Reiki Ryoho seminar
5 days from November 1st
Teacher is Mr. Chujiro Hayashi
As we reported before, Mr. Chujiro Hayashi, a well known master of Usui Shiki Reiki Ryoho, came to Hawaii as a guest of Ms. Hawayo Takata of Kauai Island. He has been responding to requests for treatments at a clinic in Globe Hotel on Nu’uanu Avenue. We have decided to invite Mr. Hayashi as a teacher to hold 5 days of classes from this coming November 1st since there are quite a few people who wish to take the seminar in Reiki Ryoho. The location is at Globe Hotel on Nu’uanu Avenue. To register for the seminar or for more information, please contact either Mrs. Hawayo Takata at 3367 or Mrs. Saeko Noda at 3131.

● Specific schedule of the classes in Honolulu is written here. By looking at the word “5 days”, it seems to be a full Reiki seminar with Zenki・Kouki in five days, which is the same business-trip style seminars that master Hayashi offered previously in Japan.

● Finally, all the names are correctly written!

Hawaii Hochi Articles in November, 1937 (10 items)

November 1st (Mon), 1937, p2
布哇報知 1937年11月1日(月) 2面

November 3rd (Wed), 1937, p2
布哇報知 1937年11月3日(水) 2面


November 4th (Thur), 1937, p4
布哇報知 1937年11月4日(木) 4面

November 8th (Mon), 1937, p7
布哇報知 1937年11月8日(月) 7面
● Master Hayashi had started his 2nd (第二回) seminar on Monday immediately after he finished the 1st classes on November 5th (Friday). As it is written “from tonight”, we can see originally the classes were held on weekday evenings from Monday to Friday.



November 18th (Thursday), 1937, Page 6
布哇報知 1937年11月18日(木) 6面

● We can see there were two seminars held in Kauai, and there were 44 students. Already there were many people interested in learning Reiki.

● According to this article, it seems like that the Waimea branch existed at this time and yet the same branch was promoted to be a Kauai branch. I haven’t been able to track down the Buddhist missionary “Houji Ooe”.

● It is written that foreigners also took the classes, but I wonder if they understood Japanese? Was there an interpreter? It is very interesting to read a pre-war documents stating that there had been an example of applying Reiki for dairy cattle.


November 20th (Saturday), 1937, Page 2
布哇報知 1937年11月20日(土) 2面

 
 

● Separate from the seminars, he also held public lectures (講会). The lectures were open to the public for no cost (無料). This indicates he was collecting a tuition fee for the seminar classes, but there was no clue about the tuition fee in the newspaper articles.



November 20th (Saturday), 1937, Page 5
布哇報知 1937年11月20日(土) 5面

Gospel of Health and Sickness
Lecture on Reiki Ryoho
Coming 24th, 7pm
Speaker: Mr. Chujiro Hayashi
What is Reiki, what is Reiki Ryoho, what are the treatments using it, what is it’s effect? These kinds of questions are raising in the public since Mr. Chujiro Hayashi, a master of Usui Shiki Reiki Ryoho, came to Hawaii. Since we never know when and what kind of illness we may fall into, not only those who are weak and ill but all human beings instinctively desire good health and cure. Reiki Ryoho was first introduced to Hawaii by Mrs. Hawayo Takata of Kauai Island after she went to Japan to study Reiki Ryoho under Mr. Hayashi. Furthermore, Mr. Hayashi came to Hawaii because of Mrs. Takata’s strong desire to promote the gospel of health and the curing of illness. Over 10 years has passed since the tremendous power of Reiki Ryoho has been introduced to the world by the founder Mr. Mikao Usui, and its miraculous effect shown by thoroughly tested facts amazes even educated people. Mr. Hayashi was a person who studied Reiki Ryoho under Mr. Usui when he was alive, and also cultivated with Mr. Usui’s peaceful and integrity personality. People were praising him as a living god as soon as he started offering treatments. He has been very busy devoting himself to curing the illnesses of all ages and genders and doesn’t even have a moment to sit down. There are people reporting about Tuberculosis being cured, high blood pressure being lowered, heart disease being cured, chronic neuralgia being cured, chronic gastrointestinal disease being cured, old age being reversed and youth recovered, potency being revived, body type being changed, a doubling in activity, etc. There are countless reports that are overflowing with the joy of improvements such that there is not enough time to count them nor any way to count them. Among those treated, there are physicians, high-ranking military officers, wealthy people and scholarly professors. Most of the people who have received a treatment have also taken the seminar and are now providing treatments for their families and friends and are deeply amazed at seeing the miraculous results. There is already a branch group established in Kauai after Mr. Hayashi had held seminars for people there. In Honolulu, along with responding to requests for treatments, he has been holding a 4th seminar just after finishing his 3rd seminar. People have been in joyful and excited to learn this gospel of health and the curing of illness. All of the people, who took his previous three seminars, voluntary requested Mr. Hayashi hold a lecture to share this joy and excitement with as many people as possible. In this lecture, Mr. Hayashi will give a speech with the title as “The Concept of Reiki Ryoho”. The date is 24th (Wednesday) at 7pm, and the venue is Buddhist Youth Hall on Fort Avenue, There is no cost to attend and we hope to see many people from the public. (Photo shows Mr. Hayashi and Ms. Takata)

● Please note 講會 means lecture, while 講會 means seminar or class. Rather than being an explanation of Reiki, it is an advertisement. Surprisingly there is not much new information here.

● This article shows that in addition to the seminars, there were lectures open to the public. The location “Buddhist Youth Hall” is actually “仏教青年会館, Bukkyo Seinen Kaikan” as you will see in a photo later.


November 22nd (Mon), 1937, p4
布哇報知 1937年11月22日(月) 4面

November 23rd (Tue), 1937, p5
布哇報知 1937年11月23日(火) 5面



November 27th (Saturday), 1937, Page 4
布哇報知 1937年11月27日(土) 4面

Lecture of Reiki Ryoho
Many were impressed
Successful turn out with over 200 in the audiences
As we reported previously, Mr. Hayashi, a master of Reiki Ryoho, gave a lecture at the Buddhist Youth Hall of Fort Avenue from 7pm on 24th, and despite the rain, more than 200 people attended and it was a great success. First of all, Mr. Houun Tamayose representing the organizer and as the chairperson introduced Ms. Hawayo Takata of Kapaa, Kauai. He spoke in detail about how Ms. Takata went to Tokyo with diseases requiring a surgery, such as kidneys and appendix. But after she had experienced a complete recovery with Reiki Ryoho and without surgery, she took lesson and returned to Hawaii. Since then she has devoted herself to treating illnesses in others on Kauai and has achieved much success. Following this, she invited master Hayashi to Hawaii. Next, Mr.Hayashi spoke about the career of master Mikao Usui, the founder of Reiki Ryoho, who had miraculously acquired “Reiki” after three weeks of fasting. Then he explained the general concept of Reiki Ryoho as it is neither a psychotherapy nor a prayer therapy, neither a magic nor fraud, but a very rational therapy that enables anyone to treat diseases fully once giving Reiki, even if one doesn't believe, disagree and are a skeptic. He explained these by introducing a numbers of cases for two hours. The meeting was ended soon after 10 o’clock with the audience showing their deep interest and completely fascinated with him. By the way, he has been staying at the Globe Hotel on Nu’uanu Ave and offering treatments every day from 8am to 4pm while holding the 4th seminar in the evenings.

● This is a report of the lecture on the 24th to an audience of 200 people. The chairperson at this lecture "Houun Tamayose" was a Buddhist monk at Higashi Hongan Temple. It seems that he was active in promoting Reiki in Hawaii. There is no doubt that he was an influential member as he would become a secretary of the Hawaii branch later on.

Hawaii Hochi Articles in December, 1937 (3 items)

December 14th (Tuesday), 1937, Page 7
布哇報知 1937年12月14日(火) 7面

● “青山分喜: Mr. Bunki Aoyama” was active as a chief therapist in later times, however, the correct kanji writing is “青山文記”. It seems that there are a very high percentage of misspelled names in this newspaper.

● ”Houun Tamayose” had appeared before. I haven’t done any research as yet on Mr. Hiroshi Morohashi, Mr. Masaichi Ueda, or Mr. Sentaro Ishii. Mr. Masaichi Ueda’s name is written in a different kanji in a later article. Mr. Hiroshi Morohashi will appear in a later article regarding a farewell party on February 20th. It seems that he was a manager of Yokohama Shokin Bank Honolulu branch.


December 17th (Friday), 1937, Page 6
布哇報知 1937年12月17日(金) 6面

● The 6th seminar is written as ‘2pm to 4:30pm in the afternoon’, but it is written as 4 days seminar in the title. Wouldn’t it be 5 days seminar if the dates were 20th(Mon) to 24th(Fri)…?


December 24th (Friday), 1937, Page 6
布哇報知 1937年12月24日(金) 6面

● This is a testimonial from M.U, one of master Hayashi’s students, but this could be “Mr. Masaichi Ueda” mentioned in a previous article. This article contains a considerable amount of information. You can see that Mr. Katsuzo Nishi of the Nishi Shiki Kenko-ho (Nishi Style of Health Engineering) also came to Hawaii in 1936.

● Perhaps this is the very first person in the world who wrote Reiki in katakana (レイキ) instead of the traditional kanji (靈氣). (* Katakana characters are typically for transcription from foreign languages. )

Hawaii Hochi articles in January, 1938年(11 items)


January 8th (Saturday), 1938, p3
布哇報知 1938年1月8日(土) 3面

January 8th (Saturday), 1938, p6
布哇報知 1938年1月8日(土) 6面

January 10th (Monday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年1月10日(月) 4面


● It is written as the 9th seminar in this article. It was written as the 6th seminar on December 20th in the previous newspaper article, so the calculation does not match if this is true. If there were a seminar every week since November 1st, the seminar on January 10th would be the 9th session. In summary;

October 8th (Fri) in Waimea on Kauai (3 days seminar) : confirmed in the article
October 12th (Tue) in Kapaa on Kauai (4 days tseminar) : confirmed in the article
November 1st (Mon), the 1st seminar : confirmed in the article
November 8th (Mon), the 2nd seminar : confirmed in the article
November 15th (Mon), the 3rd seminar : confirmed in the article
November 22nd (Mon), the 4th seminar : confirmed in the article
November 29th (Mon), the 5th seminar : estimate
December 6th (Mon), the 6th seminar : estimate
December 13th (Mon), the 7th seminar : estimate
December 20th (Mon), should be the 8th seminar by estimate, but the article says it is the 6th seminar (day time seminar)
January 11th (Tue), the 9th seminar : confirmed in the article
January 17th (Mon), the 10th seminar : estimate
January 24th (Mon), the 11th seminar : estimate
January 31st (Mon), the 12th seminar : confirmed in the article
February 7th (Mon), the 13th seminar : estimate
February 15th (Mon), the 14th seminar : estimate

There is a possibility that the number was changed halfway through due to the two seminars held at the beginning on Kauai Island, but there is more likely that the number was miss-typed in the article of December 17th.

● Finally, the Hawaii branch is to be launched. The written dates are a bit confusing, as the 9th seminar will start at 7pm on January 10th, but would the new year's party and the branch launching meeting start at 6pm with a seminar to begin at 7pm on the same day? You will see a similar situation later, but It seems that the seminar dates were changed to Tuesday through Saturday in this case. Contrary to the advertisement, the article says the seminar is on the11th (Tue), so I think the article is correct.


January 11th (Tuesday), 1938, Page 4
布哇報知 1938年1月11日(火) 4面
January 11th (Tuesday), 1938, Page 6
布哇報知 1938年1月11日(火) 6面

 

Jan. 11th (Tue) 1938 p4
 布哇報知 1938年1月11日(火) 4面
Jan. 12th (Wed) 1938 p7
 布哇報知 1938年12日(水) 7面


● “Natsuno Ya”: This is the venue where the New Year’s party was held. It still exists in Honolulu as the oldest high-class Japanese restaurant. You will see “Shun-chou-rou” referenced in a later article, however it seems that “Natsuno-Ya” and “Shun-chou-rou” are the same place.

● This lecture was held in Waipahu (ワイパフ) which is located close to Pearl Harbour.

● "Reiki Kenkyukai, Hawaii branch" is established. From this moment on, information of further seminar are announced by this branch. The organization of the branch is as follows:

Teacher : Hawayo Takata
Manager : Bunki Aoyama
Secretary : Houun Tamayose
Treasurer : Masaichi Ueda
Head office : in Globe Hotel

Again, the names are written using different kanji characters. It was written as “植田政市” for Masaichi Ueda in the previous article, but it is written as “上田政市” in this article. I am not sure which is correct, but it appears with “上田” only once in this article, so probably “植田” is the correct kanji form.

● Important information apperars here about the branches of Hayashi Kenkyukai at that time. It is written as if these branches existed then :

Osaka Bunkai (local group) with many members
Kyoto
Nagoya
Daishoji
Chichibu
Sendai
Morioka
Aomori

Daishoji (大聖寺), where Yamaguchis' were members is written as one of the branch names. Daishoji seems to be a special branch because it is a small town compared to others. Its surprising to see that there was a branch in Chichibu (west of Tokyo).

Number of members: It is written as “About 5,000 members” in the article with master Hayashi’s farewell address, but it is written as “more than 4,000 members” in this article. Also, it states that there are 13 Shihans including Ms. Takata, so this is consistent with Hayashi’s farewell address.


January 13th (Thu), 1938, p4
 布哇報知 1938年1月13日(木) 4面

January 19th (Tuesday), 1938, Page 6
布哇報知 1938年1月19日(火) 6面
● This article is mainly about the group of Nishi Shiki Kenko-ho (Nishi Style of Health Engineering), but some things about Reiki Ryoho is also appear here. The article says they use their own “Hands on therapy”, which I am still researching.



January 24th (Monday ), 1938, Page 8
布哇報知 1938年1月24日(月) 8面

January 29th (Saturday), 1938, Page 7
布哇報知 1938年1月29日(土) 7面


Kalihi Kai (カリヒカイ) is a name of the place located northwest from Kalihi area in Honolulu.

Hawaii Hochi articles in February, 1938 (19 items)

February 4th (Friday), 1938, Page 3
布哇報知 1938年2月4日(金) 3面

February 4th (Friday), 1938, Page 3
 布哇報知 1938年2月4日(金) 3面


● ”Ewa (エワ)” is located farther West of Pearl Harbour. The locations for the public lectures are spreading farther away from downtown Honolulu! Gradually, Reiki is beginning to be known in suburban areas as well.


February 5th (Saturday), 1938, Page 2
布哇報知 1938年2月5日(土) 2面

February 12th (Saturday), 1938, Page 6
 布哇報知 1938年2月12日(土) 6面


● At last, a hair salon began to provide Reiki treatments. I sometimes see similar things happening nowadays, but I am sure it was the very first time anywhere in the world for Reiki to be provided in a hair salon. It is a quite a big deal to renovate and to separate the men’s and women’s sections. I wonder if Ms. Saeko Noda was giving treatments, or perhaps there were multiple therapists since it says there were two locations.

● I want to point out the important expression here. “People, who have taken the seminar but have not yet joined the membership after the Hawaii branch opened, also are likewise hoping to attend the regular meeting.” In other words, there is a difference between “taking a seminar” and “becoming a member”. At least I can say that the number of students is larger than the number of members. At least, it seems reasonable that the number of students is almost equal to the number of members.


February 15th (Tuesday), 1938, Page 4
布哇報知 1938年2月15日(火) 4面
February 17th (Thursday), 1938, Page 7
布哇報知 1938年2月17日(木) 7面

February 19th (Saturday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年2月19日(土) 4面

February 19th (Saturday), 1938, p7
布哇報知 1938年2月19日(土) 7面



February 21st (Monday), 1938, Page 3
布哇報知 1938年2月21日(月) 3面

● It is magnificent that more than 200 people attended the farewell party! I saw this photo for the first time this time here. It looks like the mens were wearing suits and most of the women were wearing kimonos. It seems exactly like how a present-day banquet would look.

MC   : Bunki Aoyama (Kanji writing of Bunki is misspelled)
Student Representative: Hiroshi Morohashi (Branch manager of the Shokin)
Speaker   : Hikozo Nishikawa
Testimonial  : Ms. Lee(School teacher)

”Shokin (正金)” probably means "Yokohama Specie Bank" that was located in Honolulu. It seems like that this building exists now as an historic site.

● Haleiwa (ハレイワ) branch is established with 23 members. It seems that Haleiwa is located in Oahu on on the side opposite of Honolulu.


Feb. 22nd (Tue) 1938 p2
布哇報知 1938年2月22日(火) 2面

Feb. 22nd (Tue) 1938 p4
布哇報知 1938年2月22日(火) 4面

Feb. 22nd (Tue) 1938 p6
布哇報知 1938年2月22日(火) 6面
● A picture when visiting Makiki (マキキ) Navy Cemetery is posted on February 23rd issue.



Farewell broadcast of master Hayashi
February 22nd (Tuesday), 1938, Page 8
布哇報知 1938年2月22日(火) 8面

Master Hayashi’s farewell words are the most important part of the series of Hawaii Hochi articles. Newspaper articles are often separated from the truth and may contain misunderstandings and distortions by the reporters. However, I think this article with his farewell words is likely quite accurate since it was copied directly from the Japanese broadcast.

“I appreciate everyone’s kindness from the bottom of my heart.” - Mr. Hayashi’s farewell broadcast.

The following is the farewell speech of Mr. Chujiro Hayashi of Usui Reiki Ryoho on his returning to Japan, broadcasted on Sunday morning on KGMB station.

 As introduced, I am Chujiro Hayashi of Usui Reiki Ryoho. I have been staying in this city since last October but now I would like to give my remarks since I will be going back to Japan on the Tatsuta-Maru that will depart on the 22nd, the day after tomorrow.

 Reiki Ryoho is a method of treating diseases and dispositions not only of our own bodies but also of other people's with no effort but just with the energy of Reiki which flows naturally from the body of a person. It doesn’t require difficult training, but just by attending the seminar for about three hours every day for 5 or 6 days and you will be able to show surprising results, even from the first day. Regardless of whether you are a man or woman, anyone can to do it easily provided if you are over 12 or 13 of age. 350 people became members in the Hawaiian Islands, including Caucasians, Hawaiians, and Chinese who don’t understand Japanese at all. However, all of them understood the seminar very well and are very happy to be able to treat various diseases. I feel deep regret that I wasn’t able to share this joy with those who live on the islands of Hawaii and Maui.

 There are about 5,000 members in Japan. Out of these members, I have approved 13 people as suitable teachers of this treatment technique. Ms. Hawayo Takata of this city is one of them, and she is the only one person who can teach this technique in Hawaii and throughout America. There is no one else.

 If you wish to receive denju (Reiki seminar) or if you are suffering from diseases, please contact Ms. Takata or Mr. Bunki Aoyama (Teatments Manager) at the Globe Hotel on Nu’uanu Avenue.

 Ms. Takata is second generation Japanese American born in Kauai. In the winter three years ago, she spent about six months at my clinic in Tokyo to enthusiastically learn this method. Two years go, she returned to Kauai in July and started to do treatments and give denju (teach Reiki) with the number of her students reaching to over 50 people. Last July, Ms. Takata suddenly visited my home and recommended to me a sightseeing trip to Hawaii. I accepted her invitation and I arrived in Honolulu on October 2nd accompanied by my daughter. I appreciated the sincere welcome from everyone when I traveled to Kauai on the 4th and met the local members.

 I came back to this city in late October and held 14 seminars since then, at the request of its devoted people. There were a large number of students each time and everyone understood the seminar very well. They are grateful for the happiness of good health brought by treating diseases easily, not only for themselves but also for their families.

 Since my stay in this city was prolonged unexpectedly, many people in Japan have been waiting for my return for a long time. I shall leave this memorable land behind and return to Japan on the 22nd, the day after tomorrow. I have received a sincere hospitality from everyone, especially from the members during my stay here and I was able to enjoy a pleasant time without feeling lonely at all during the trip. My daughter and I experienced the five long months just like it was a single day and this will remain an unforgettable joy for our lifetime. My daughter and I are deeply, deeply grateful for everyone’s friendship and kindness. I will conclude my remarks by sincerely wishing everyone health and happiness. Everyone take care ….. and good bye.

● Radio Station: The radio station, “KGMB radio” in Honolulu that broadcasted this farewell greeting exists now under a different name, “KSSK”. The US military used KGMB’s signal to check its positioning and it is said that the Imperial Japanese Navy used it to identify the location of Honolulu when attacking Pearl Harbour. You might notice that “Sunday morning” is written as “サンデー朝" (mixed with katakana and kanji), instead of “日曜日の朝” (mixed with hiragana and kanji). *** Using English words written in katakana as part of their regular Japanese conversation seems to have been common back then.

● It is written as Usui Reiki Ryoho, not as “Usui Shiki” Reiki Ryoho. It is certainly a different expression from that Ms. Takata was using.

● When master Hayashi mentioned “members” in this speech, I think he referred to the members of Hayashi Reiki Kenkyukai. It is quite a big achievement that 350 people became members by the time Hayashi returned to Japan. As I have already commented with the article of February 12th, I think the number of people who took the seminar and the number of members are almost equal. It is interesting to know that Caucasians and Chinese were also included.

● Importantly there were about 5,000 members of Hayashi Reiki Kenkyukai in Japan. This speech is probably the only historical record stating the specific number of members of Hayashi Reiki Kenkyukai. Another important point is that there were 13 Shihan (teachers) including Ms. Takata at that time.

● Master Hayashi is clearly stating the same travel history of Ms. Takata as her travel records which I have already mentioned ealier.

● Master Hayashi clearly stated that Ms. Takata had started to offer treatments and denju (teach Reiki) after she returned to Kauai in 1936. Takata registered over 50 members with Hayashi Reiki Kenkyukai. It is not clear if this number is consistent with the total number of her students, but at least, there is almost no doubt that she was teaching Shoden (First level) as Shihan-kaku (assistant teacher) at this time.

● Master Hayashi had issued an English certificate “a Master of the Usui Reiki system of drugless healing” for Takata and the date of the certificate is shown as February 21st, 1938, the day before Hayashi’s departure to Japan. In other words, we can conclude that Ms. Takata became Shihan (teacher) at that time. However, she had already started to teach after she returned to Hawaii in 1936, which means, she must have received a Shihan-kaku certification by the tiem she left Japan in 1936. (***Note : Shihan-kaku is entitled to teach only Shoden (first level), Shihan can teach both Shoden and Okuden levels.)

● It is amazing to see that he held 14 seminars. I can calculate that there were an average of 25 people in attendance at each session (350 people ÷ 14 times=25 people) Wasn’t it a great success?

● It is wonderful to see the report of people consistently enjoying positive results after learning Reiki! I imagine that his experience in Hawaii must have had a huge impact on master Hayashi as he was involved with so many people and spent a five long months there.

● It was February 22nd, 1938 when master Hayashi departed from Honolulu on the Tatsuta Maru. It took about 1 week to get to Yokohama, so I guess he returned to Japan by the end of February. In fact, it was in late March in 1938 at the Daishoji branch that Chiyoko Yamaguchi attended her first seminar under Hayashi. Therefore, I conclude that Hayashi headed to Ishikawa prefecture soon after he returned home to Tokyo. These two events, Hayashi’s stay in Hawaii and Chiyoko’s first seminar, occurred one after the other.


February 23rd (Wednesday), 1938, Page 6
布哇報知 1938年2月23日(水) 6面
Makiki (マキキ) Navy cemetery is located in Honolulu, and it is a cemetery for Japanese, not Americans. See here for further details.


February 23rd (Wed), 1938, p6
布哇報知 1938年2月23日(水) 6面

February 24th (Thu), 1938, p6
布哇報知 1938年2月24日(木) 6面
● It seems that they were able to post telegrams from the ship!



February 26th (Sat), 1938, p3
 布哇報知 1938年2月2月26日(土) 3面

February 26th (Sat), 1938, p8
布哇報知 1938年2月2月26日(土) 8面

February 28th (Mon), 1938, p8
布哇報知 1938年2月2月26日(月) 8面


● Master Hayashi had gone back to Japan by this point and from now on, Ms. Takata is the main character. The number of seminars continues to grow as it is written as the 15th seminar. The session was taught by [Teacher] Hawayo Takata & [treatment manager] Bunki Aoyama. It seems likely that they were using the Globe Hotel and the Buddhist Youth Hall as their venues.

Hawaii Hochi articles from March, 1938 (12 items)

March 4th (Friday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年3月4日 4面

● This article is written about the last seminar held by master Hayashi (his 14th seminar on Hawaii). There are 126 people in the photo. As it is impossible to hold a seminar with this many people, and as since it is written as “The group photo of the last evening”, so I imagine that additional people had gathered to celebrate the last day. There was a regular meeting in the same week on Monday 14th, so I imagine that the last day of the final seminar must have been on Saturday, February 19th (A seminar was 5 day long. This 14th seminar must have started on Tuesday and ended on Saturday).

I found out that the photo that I have from the past (on the right →) was actually trimmed on both ends. I must have obtained this photo from another source as there is nothing written about the photo in this newspaper article. Although, you will see the year is written as 1937 in the photo on the right, I believe that the year was written incorrectly.

布哇報知 1938年3月4日 4面

I have enlarged it. The person who is sitting beside the kakejiku (scroll) might be master Hayashi! The face certainly looks like Hayashi. It is probably Takata who is doing the demonstration, however it is not clear enough to see her face.

布哇報知 1938年3月4日 4面

I compared the scroll to that used in Jikiden Reiki at the present day. 
 
Yes, definitely! That is exactly THE kakejiku (scroll) we have!!
It makes me so happy (^^)



March 5th (Saturday), 1938, p3
布哇報知 1938年3月5日(土) 3面

March 5th (Saturday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年3月5日(土) 4面



March 11th (Friday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年3月11日(金) 4面

   March 12th (Saturday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年3月12日(土) 4面
   March 12th (Saturday), 1938, p6
布哇報知 1938年3月12日(土) 6面
   March 14th (Monday), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年3月14日(月) 4面


March 15th (Tuesday), 1938, p7
布哇報知 1938年3月15日(火) 7面

● The MC is Mr. Bunki Aoyama (青山文記). Also the names of Mr. Masaichi Ueda (植田政市), Mr. Seihou Tsuchiya (土屋青芳), Mr. Suekuma Takaki (高木末熊), Mr. Hikozo Nishikawa (西川彦蔵) appear in this article. Kanji writing of Mr. Ueda is different again, and is correct as, “上田” or “植田”? Mr. Suekuma Takaki’s name is a unique name, so I researched about it. It is written as "A president of Chosen Jiho (Korean Times) in Pusan during the Meiji era", however, I am not sure if this is correct.


March 18th (Friday), 1938, p6
布哇報知 1938年3月18日(金) 6面
● It is about Ewa (エワ), the place where a public lecture was held on February 5th. You can see that there was a Ewa Branch established already.


March 19th (Sat.), 1938, p4
布哇報知 1938年3月19日(土) 4面

March 19th (Sat.),
1938, p5

布哇報知 1938年3月19日(土) 5面

March 21st (Mon.),
1938, p5

布哇報知 1938年3月21日(月) 5面


● It is amazing to see that seminars continued every week even after master Hayashi returned to Japan! I am very curious to know how many times Ms. Takata held seminars in the same style as those held by Hayashi.


Hawaii Hochi articles in April 1938 (4 items)

April 9th (Saturday), 1938, p2
布哇報知 1938年4月9日(土) 2面

April 9th (Saturday), 1938, p3
布哇報知 1938年4月9日(土) 3面



April 16th (Saturday), 1938, p6
布哇報知 1938年4月16日(土) 6面
“妾” means myself in very humble form for a woman.
“羅府” means Los Angeles.

April 16th (Saturday), 1938, p12
布哇報知 1938年4月16日(土) 12面
● This information completely matches the travel record shown previously. “羅府” means Los Angeles, “桑港” means San Francisco, when written in kanji characters. I have researched the names of the two foreigners in this article but I could find no additional information. Mr. ”Kyokujo Kubokawa (窪川旭丈)” may be the Buddhist who was known to be active in Los Angeles.

● It is possible that Ms. Takata held seminars on the West coast of America, but it is unproven at this point. During her absence in Hawaii, six of her disciples seemed to have responded to treatments .


[Note: May issue of original Hawaii Hochi was missing, therefore the articles in May have not been micro-filmed.]

Hawaii Hochi articles in June, 1938 (4 items)

June 8th (Wednesday), 1938, p5
布哇報知 1938年4月16日(土) 6面

 
● This is the advertisement that was issued one day prior to Ms. Takata return from the West coast of America. It appears that there had been three sections for the treatment times: 8am ~ 12pm, 1pm ~ 4pm, and 6pm ~ 9pm.

● It is written that the clinic will change its location as of November, but it had actually moved at end of June. The new location is at “465 South Beretania Street, Honolulu, HI 96814” and it is far from the downtown Honolulu. Kuin (ク井ン) Hospital still exists under the name, The Queen's Medical Center close to this address.

● This move may turn out to be important information. The address of Mr. Bunki Aoyama, the treatment manager, continued to be at the original Nu’uanu Avenue location until 1942, however his name disappeared from the articles after this. I wonder what might have happened between Ms. Takata and Mr. Aoyama.



June 13th (Monday), 1938, p3
布哇報知 1938年6月13日(月) 3面

June 13th (Monday), 1938, p7
布哇報知 1938年6月13日(月) 3面
● The title says the 3rd regular meeting (例會)↑, but it is actually the 5th (第五回) regular meeting as writtin on ←the advertisement of the same day.



June 22nd (Wednesday), 1938, p2
布哇報知 1938年6月22日(水) 2面
● The clinic had moved its location by this time and also the phone number had changed. "465 South Beretania Street, Honolulu, HI 96814" is located far from downtown Honolulu. Kuin (ク井ン) Hospital still exists as “The Queen's Medical Centre” and is close to this address.

● Previously, Ms. Takata’s address in 1938 was written as “1808 S Beretania”, so the clinic was located on the same street as her residence.



Summary


Summarizing timetables
1935.10Takata first visit to Japanwith 9yrs old daughter by Asama-Maru
1936.JunTakata return to Hawaii 
1937.JulTakata visits Japan again 
1937.SepTakata return to Hawaii 
----------
1937.9.24Hayashi leaves Yokohama
1937.10.2Hayashi arrived HonoluluWith daughter Kiyoe, Chichibu-Maru
1937.10.2Hayashi visits Hawaii HochiGuided by Saeko Noda
1937.10.5Travelled to Kauai
1937.10.6Visits Hawaii HochiKauai branch
1937.10.8Seminar in Waimea, Kauai3 days at Tsurutani’s
1937.10.12Seminar in Kapaa, Kauai4 days at Nobuo Watamura’s
1937.10.xx Travelled to Honolulu, Oahu 
1937.10.27Takata’s Ad on opening business At Globe Hotel
1937.11.11st seminar5 days
1937.11.82nd seminar5 days over 10 people
1937.11.153rd seminar5 days
1937.11.18Kauai branch establishedWaimea branch, Kapaa branch?
1937.11.224th seminar5 days
1937.11.24free public lectureover 200 people at Buddhist Youth Hall
1937.12.14farewell meetingDeparture postponed, over 50 people
1937.12.20"6th" seminar4 days 2pm ~ 4:30pm, day time
1938.1.10Hawaii branch openingNew years party at Natsuno-ya
1938.1.119th seminar5 days 7pm ~ 9pm
1938.1.15free public lectureWaipahu Social Club
1938.1.25free public lectureKalihikai Japanese school
1938.1.3112th seminar7pm ~ 9pm
1938.2.5free public lectureEwa Social Club
1938.2.141st regular meetingBuddhist Youth Hall(~150 people)
1938.2.20Farewell broadcastKGMB radio station
1938.2.20Farewell partyAlewahaito Shunchoro(~200 people)
1938.2.20Haleiwa local group23 people
1938.2.22Visited Maliki Navy cemeteryWith:Takata, Aoyama, Kiyoe
1938.2.22Hayashi depart to JapanOn ship Tatsuta-maru
----------
1938.2.2815th seminar Buddhist hallTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama
1938.3.716th seminar Buddhist hallTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama
1938.3.142rd regular meetingover 150 people at Buddhist hall
1938.3.1517th seminar Globe HotelTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama
1938.3.2118th seminar Globe HotelTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama
1938.4.113rd regular meetingBuddhist Hall

I wrote down the only seminars that were confirmed within the articles, so the numbers missing weren't actually skipped. I summarized the seminars as follows: (including estimates)


Summery of master Hayashi’s seminar
(including estimates)
Oct 8(Fri)~Waimea (3 days)Kauai, confirmed on article
Oct 12(Tue)~Kapaa(4 days)Kauai, confirmed on article
Nov 1(Mon)~ 1th confirmed on article
Nov 8(Mon)~ 2th confirmed on article
Nov 15(Mon)~ 3th confirmed on article
Nov 22(Mon)~ 4th confirmed on article
Nov 29(Mon)~ 5th  estimate
Dec 6(Mon)~ 6th  estimate
Dec 13(Mon)~ 7th  estimate
Dec 20(Mon)~ 8th Written as “6th” on article
Jan 11(Tue)~ 9th confirmed on article
Jan 17(Mon)~ 10th  estimate
Jan 24(Mon)~ 11th  estimate
Jan 31(Mon)~ 12th confirmed on article
Feb 7(Mon)~ 13th  estimate
Feb 15(Tue)~ 14th   estimate

The seminar took 5 days started at 7pm and
ended 9pm otherwise noted.


Summery of master Hayashi’s public lecture
1937.11.24  free public lecture Buddhist hall over 200
1938.1.15 free public lecture Waipahu Social Club
1938.1.25 free public lecture Kalihikai Japanese school
1938.2.5 free public lecture Ewa Social Club


Summery of Ms. Takata’s seminar
1938.2.28 15th Teacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama, Buddhist Youth hall
1938.3.7 16thTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama, Buddhist Youth hall
1938.3.15 17thTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama, Globe Hotel
1938.3.21 18thTeacher:Takata, Manager:Aoyama, Globe Hotel


Summary of Regular member meeting
1938.2.14  1st meeting Buddhist Youth Hall (about 150 people)
1938.3.14 2nd meeting Buddhist Youth Hall (about 150 people)
1938.4.11 3rd meeting Buddhist Youth Hall
1938.5 4th meeting ← Estimate
1938.6.13 5th meeting Buddhist Youth Hall


Summery of branch and local group
1937.11.18 Kauai Branch establishedWaimea branch, Kappa branch?
1938.1.10Hawaii Branch opening party, new years party@ Natsunoya on School Avenue
1938.2.20Haleiwa local group established23 people
unknownEwa local group established

Discovery

Unknown

Content of the seminar

When it comes to the content of the seminar, I couldn’t guess anything at all from the newspaper articles. Words like Reiju, Gokai, Ketsueki Kokan Ho, Byosen, Seiheki Chiryo, and Enkaku, don’t show up in the articles at all. Since the Hawaii seminars took place in the midst of master Hayashi’s full career, it seems reasonable to assume that the content of Hayashi’s teaching on Hawaii would be the same as that provided to students in Japan.

Ms. Takata had taught Japanese Reiki equivalent to Jikiden Reiki to many people...

Takata had attended all (1st ~ 14th) seminars as Hayashi’s assistant, so I think Hayashi’s teaching style would have become quite familiar to her. Therefore, after Hayashi returned to Japan, Takata would have taught the seminars in the way that Hayashi had taught to Hawaiian students, i.e. Japanese Reiki equivalent to Jikiden Reiki today. As a teacher, Takata held four seminars in the month of March, 1938, thus we can estimate that Takata may have taught the Japanese Reiki to probably nearly a hundred of people. When we think of “Hawayo Takata”, there is a strongly held impression of her as an originator of Western Reiki, which has many differences to Japanese or Jikiden Reiki, but in fact, it can be said that she was teaching the Japanese Reiki thoroughout her early years as a teacher. Yes, Takata was a notable teacher of the Japanese Reiki. However, Takata began teaching Western Reiki more than 30 years after this period in time. This difference in time and the war would be what separate Japanese Reiki and Western Reiki.

List of people who were involved

Often there were misspellings of people’s names in Hawaii Hochi, so we need to pay close attention. It is possible that it is written incorrectly if you see a name that appears only once in the articles.


Acknowledgements

Through the discovery of these Hawaii Hochi articles, I think that Ms. Takata’s footsteps and master Hayashi’s activities in Hawaii become very clear. I am again deeply grateful to Mr. Justin Stein.

C.K., who helped me with the visual investigation of all the microfilm (which gave us headaches) thank you so much for your help with finding so many articles.

The translation of original Japanese manuscript was done by Mari Okazaki, dai-shian of Jikiden Reiki and edited by Mike McCarty, Jikiden Reiki shihan-kaku, board member of Jikiden Reiki Association of Canada. I am very grateful for all their efforts.


There is one thing that has made me wonder more than any other. There were not so many things that surprised me about master Hayashi’s consistent activities and behaviour, however,,,

What on earth had happened to those people
who learned Reiki from master Hayashi
and Ms. Takata in Hawaii?

Takata had taught 50 members following her first return from Japan, then 350 people were added because of Hayashi’s visit to Hawaii. The total numbers of members add up to 400 people. They had Kauai and Hawaii branches as well as Haleiwa and Ewa local groups. There is no doubt that Takata continued to teach Reiki at this fast pace after Hayashi returned to Japan.
Those people, however, have disappeared to somewhere during and after the war… At any rate, we can say that there must have been an enormous influence on those teaching and practicing Reiki due to the Pacific War…

There is no doubt that Takata was Shihan (teacher), however, I do not think she was able to teach Shihan-kaku seminar. To be able to teach Shihan-kaku seminar in Japanese Reiki, one needs to be Dai-shihan (senior teacher). Perhaps, there was no one who could teach students to be Shihan-kaku in Hawaii yet.

I will continue to research on the Hawaii Hochi articles after June 1938, but for now, according to the books published Fran Brown "Living Reiki: Takata's Teachings" and Helen J. Haberly "Reiki: Hawayo Takata's Story", it is said that Takata traveled to mainland America as an interpreter for a Jodo-Shu Buddhist monk after Hayashi returned to Japan. While in America she reportedly attended a school named the "National College of Drugless Physicians" in Chicago (I have searched for it but it doesn’t exist now) where she learned therapy and anatomical physiology. She returned to Hawaii in July 1938 and since then went back and forth around Honolulu and the Hawaii Islands and bought a house in Hilo, Hawaii. Also, it is said that she returned to Japan in a rush because Hayashi appeared to her in a dream at the time he passed away in 1940.

It’s very likely she had been continued with Reiki treatments and seminars until the Pearl Harbour attack in 1941, however, the number of the people who took her seminars is unknown. There is no trace of her trying to contact to her students and clients after the war was over.

It seem that those people who learned Reiki from Hayashi and Takata in Hawaii had disappeared. “Disappeared” might not be the right word, but maybe “couldn't continue”… Isn’t it a terrible thing to say that their enormous efforts written in this page have simply disappeared, just like that! Of course, the same thing happened in Japan, since only a hand full of people amongst those 5,000 students of Hayashi continued to practice Reiki. Once again, it made me realized the horrorible influence of the war as I was putting this material together.

I tried to find out what happened in Hawaii when the Japanese Imperial Navy started its attack on Pearl Harbour.

Academic bulletin database from Aichi Gakuin University.
Title: Formation and change of ethnic residential area in Honolulu
[Focus on Manoa and Miiliili, Nikkei (Japanese descent) residential area]

Japanese document Written by Takagi (Kitayama) Iriko

“After the outbreak of the Japan-U.S. War, Japanese organizations were forced a dissolution. Leaders of Issei (Japanese first immigrant to US) and Kibei Nisei (Second generation of those Japanese immigrants born in US, raised in Japan and returned to US) who were considered to be Japanese enthusiasts were taken to camps in the mainland of US and Hawaii. The Japanese language school in entire Hawaii that were teaching Japanese language and culture were forced to close. The Japanese language school in Manoa was also closed, and the principal was taken to a camp since he was considered to be a Japanese enthusiast. The Nikkei (Japanese American) ethnic residential area faced a crisis of the survival. The building of the Manoa Japanese Language School was used as an emergency clinic and also a head office of a district manager. Unlike many other buildings of Japanese Language School were donated to Christian churches and other nonprofit organizations, Manoa Japanese Language School was reserved under the joint trust of five Isseis who lived in Manoa.”

“At one point, it was said that the Nikkei population had reached to be 90% of its population at Nikkei residential area in Moliilii. I wonder how it changed during and after the war? It is well known that when Japanese military attacked the Pearl Harbour, the Anti-aircraft firebomb of American military flew to Moliilii and McCully district to directly hit and caused fires on more than 10 houses. Then people, who were considered to be a community leaders such as principals/teachers of Japanese Language Schools and Shinto priests (Issei and Kibei Nisei), were taken to the camp by FBI as Japanese enthusiasts. However, those people who left behind devoted themselves to service to the American military.“


Ritsumeikan University International Language and Culture Research Institute
Title: Nikkei (Japanese descent) concentration camp in Hawaii during the Pacific War [Tracing back the erased past]
Written by Wamako Ogawa

“There were various restrictions imposed on people who lived in Hawaii during the war. For example, there were "lighting control" and "an order of a curfew in the night" in general, but also "a prohibition of using Japanese in public venues" and "a prohibition of a meeting more than 10 people" were ordered specific to Nikkei (Japanese American) and Japanese people. Some of them were arrested or taken to the camp because they broke the prohibitions. There were 2,392 people arrested and taken to the camp in the mainland America or Hawaii during the war. Their occupations are not only those people who were considered to be a danger on the protection of America such as the leaders of Nikkei societies, fishermen, and Kibei Nisei. However, many people seemed to be brought to the camp for the maintenance and operation of the camps such as stonemason, chefs, bakeries, carpenters, hair stylists, farmers, drivers, boiler technician, construction workers, hotel employees, restaurant employees, clothing tailors, plumbers etc.”

”Under the strict regulations in Hawaii, there were restrictions such as “a prohibition on sales of alcoholic beverages”, “censorship on letters and newspapers”, in addition to "lighting control" and "an order of a curfew in the night”. Especially for Japanese and Nikkei, there were restrictions such as “prohibitions on possession of camera, binocular, and radio”, “registration of foreigner (fingerprinting)”, “discontinue on publishing newspapers in Japanese (January 6, 1942, publish was permitted on only two papers with the condition of being censored by the military government after), "prohibition of using Japanese in public venues” and "prohibition of a meeting more than 10 people (Later on, it was released when the funerals started to be held for the battle deaths such as for the Japanese Nikkei troops.)”, “restriction on travelling” and “restriction on the access to specific areas such as the beach”. “

In other words, as soon as the war broke out, Japanese Americans in Hawaii, especially those who were in a leading social position and Japanese enthusiasts were taken to the internment camp. Similar things happened in Japan when Japan lost the war and was occupied. But, unlike in Japan, leading civilians and some of innocent civilians were taken away and arrested in Hawaii. It is also a horrifying fact that there was a prohibition on meetings of more than 10 people as it written in the report.

It's easy to guess it was impossible to hold any public Reiki activities; instead only individual and private treatments were possible given that Reiki Ryoho was introduced by the captain of very enemy, the Japanese Imperial Navy. Perhaps the branch and the local group would have had to be dismissed. As mentioned above, many members of the Hawaii branch had social status and some power to influence. If they were doing Reiki, they would be considered as Japanese enthusiasts and thus they would be taken away to an internment camp or they would have had to spend their days with the fear of being arrested. (Takata was just one of the civilian public (other than doing Reiki) and that’s why she wasn't taken to a camp.)

Under such circumstances, we can imagine how Usui Reiki Ryoho in Hawaii disappeared and that nothing remained after the war. Of course, there is no doubt that Reiki helped with people’s health at that time, but it is a very very sad ending. At first, I felt “How wonderful!” to see how Reiki had started to spread as I started my research. However, after realizing that everything had disappeared by the end, I began to feel an emptiness and sadness despite reading the exciting articles of growth by the branches and local groups that were established. However, after more than 30 years, Ms. Takata was the only person who felt a desire to revive the spirit of Reiki.
Even this Takata, it took 30 years!


I apologize for such a sad ending. Please do not hesitate to contact me if you notice any inconsistencies, lack of clarity or misunderstandings in this article. (Masaki Nishina)


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